President Trump “Decertifies” Iranian Compliance In Nuclear Deal Despite Confirmation Of Compliance From International Atomic Energy Agency

 In International Relations, National Security and Military Operations   Last Updated: October 22, 2017

In a speech from the White House on Friday October 13, 2017, President Trump stated that Iran is in violation of “the spirit” of the 2015 nuclear deal aiming to limit production of nuclear materials that could be used as weapons.  Trump is asking “Congress and our allies to address the deal’s many serious flaws so that the Iranian regime can never threaten the world with nuclear weapons.”

However, Trump did not take any formal action against the deal aside from asking for a review of it.

While Trump did not pull the United States out of the agreement, he gave the U.S. Congress 60 days to decide whether to reimpose economic sanctions on Tehran that were lifted under the pact.  If Congress reimposes the sanctions, the United States would in effect be in violation of the terms of the nuclear deal and it would likely fall apart. If lawmakers do nothing, the deal remains in place.”

The International Atomic Energy Agency, which is providing oversight of the deal, confirmed Iran’s compliance with the terms of the deal.

The collaborative deal between Iran and the U.S., U.K., Russia, France, China, and Germany, limits Iranian production of nuclear material by:

  • Restricting the amount of equipment installed and operating to allow enrichment of uranium.  While enriching uranium at a low level produces fuel for nuclear power plants, a higher level of enrichment leads to the type of uranium used in nuclear weapons.
  • Reducing the stockpile of uranium in Iran by 98% for 15 years plus setting a maximum enrichment level for this uranium
  • Redesigning a plutonium reactor so it cannot create weapon-grade nuclear material
  • Expanding the ability and authority of the International Atomic Energy Agency to routinely inspect and monitor nuclear activity in Iran
  • Continuation of a UN arms embargo

In return, the economic sanctions imposed on Iran would be lifted, allowing Iran access to over $100 billion in frozen assets and resuming international oil trade, worth over $40 billion a year to the economy of Iran.

 

 

Scott Horsley and Tamara Keith. "Trump Calls Iran Nuclear Deal 'Unacceptable,' But Leaves U.S. In It For Now." NPR.org, 13 October 2017. Web. 22 October 2017.
STeve Holland and Yara Bayoumy. "Trump strikes blow at Iran nuclear deal in major U.S. policy shift." Reuters, 13 October 2017. Web. 22 October 2017.
Yukiya Amano. "Statement by IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano." International Atomic Energy Agency, 13 October 2017. Statement. 22 October 2017.
"Iran nuclear deal: Key details." BBC, 13 October 2017. Web. 22 October 2017.
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